If you are older than 40 years and have a history of prostate cancer in your family, it’s imperative that you undertake a prostate cancer test.
Types of prostate examinations
There are primarily two types of tests that you can undertake: digital rectal examination (DRE) and PSA blood test. In the digital rectal examination, the doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger in your rectum. The doctor may ask you to lie on your side or bend over. While the test isn’t painful, it can hurt your dignity. The doctor will feel the prostate, and in case you have any abnormalities, he/she will be able to tell.
The PSA blood test is aimed at identifying high PSA levels in the blood. PSA is a prostate specific antigen that goes up with you are suffering from prostate cancer. While your PSA levels tend to rise when you have cancer, it doesn’t mean that you must always be having cancer when the levels are high. In most cases, the doctors will undertake a confirmatory test to verify that you truly have cancer go to quiz.
What to expect in the examination
If the doctor has done the rectal exam and felt some abnormalities or your PSA levels are above 4, he/she may recommend that you undertake additional tests. One of the tests that the professional might request is the trans-rectal ultrasound, popularly known as TRUS. This is a 15-minute procedure that relies on sound waves to create an image of your prostate gland.
The professional will ask you to lie on your side with your knees pulled to your chest. In some cases, you might be asked to lie on your stomach. After cleaning the area, the doctor will insert an ultrasound probe into your rectum and use the images created by the ultrasound to identify the area that needs attention.
If the physician feels it necessary, he/she will insert a needle into the prostate gland and retrieve a sample to view under the microscope. After the procedure, you should expect some blood in your urine for a few days.
This is what you need to know about the diagnosis of prostate cancer. In addition to blood in urine, other things you should expect after the procedure include: soreness and bleeding from the rectum, and rust-colored semen. You should see a doctor immediately if you are having problems urinating, suffering from fever, experiencing heavy bleeding, or the pain is getting worse.